The Institute for Problems of Cryobiology and Cryomedicine of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine was organised in 1972 on the base of two laboratories of the Institute of Low Temperature Physics and Engineering of the National Academy of Sciences of USSR and R&D laboratory for Low Temperature Preservation of Bone Marrow and Blood at Kharkov Institute for Physicians Advanced Training. The Institute has always been a unique establishment of such a scientific profile within Ukraine and ex-USSR. The driving forces of the Institute's creation were Academician B.I. Verkin and Prof. N.S. Pushkar. The latter became the first Director of the Institute.
The major research interests of scientists of the Institute are:
Studying the method of cryoinjury, cryoprotection, natural integrity of biological objects to cold and their reparation after a cold effect.
Creation of effective methods for artificial cryoprotection of biological systems of various organization levels and developing the cryopreservation techniques for biological objects and technical devices for their realization.
Use of hypothermia, cryotherapy and cryopreserved biological objects to treat different types of diseases.
Cell and tissue therapy.
Basing on the fundamental investigations performed at the Institute, a lot of scientific projects were of great significance for medicine and economics and introduced into practice, among those there are the unique ones with no analogues within the world.
Scientific interest of cryobyologists are devoted to fundamental problems of cryodamage and cryoprotection in biological objects of different organisation level, to studying the cryoresistance and cold adaptation: designing the cryoprotective media and technologies, providing the possibility for reversible life arrest after freezing and storing under deep cold conditions with the aim of human, rare and endangered animal and plant species gene fund preservation and creating novel cryosurgical methods.
Of special interest are the investigations of stem cells' properties, targeted to reveal the action mechanisms of low temperature effect on their proliferation, differentiation, synthesis of specific regulators.
Progress in cryogenic technologies significantly increases the interest of practical medicine in low extreme temperature therapeutic usage for a combined treatment of patients with some diseases, as well as performing fundamental research of low temperature effect on functional systems of organism, aiming to elaborate the novel, high-efficient methods for extreme cryotherapy.
These and other tasks of cryobiology and cryomedicine are planned for discussion during conference.